When you're taking a urine sample, it can be difficult to remember exactly how to collect and store it. Your doctor will want the sample to be clean and free of any bacteria that might grow in it if kept for too long. This means that you must wash your hands with soap and water before collecting the sample, not use hand sanitizer (which doesn't kill all germs), and keep the sample in a clean plastic container with a lid on it until you can get it to your doctor or lab.
Always collect a "midstream" sample.
- To collect a midstream sample, you must first wash your hands with soap and warm water for at least 20 seconds.
- Turn the faucet on (the temperature should be comfortable to the touch) then remove the cap from your urine specimen cup.
- Pinch and cleanse the glans penis with a bactericidal solution, such as Betadine® or Nolvasan®, for about 30-60 seconds.
- Collect enough urine in the urine specimen cup to fill it half way. This will take about 3-5 minutes depending on body size and frequency of voiding during collection period (every 2 hours).
- Gently pour half of this amount into each tube.* Close both containers securely with their caps.* Shake each container slightly several times before placing into mailing envelopes or boxes.
If possible, wash your hands with soap and water before collecting the sample, as hand sanitizers do not kill all germs.
If possible, wash your hands with soap and water before collecting the sample, as hand sanitizers do not kill all germs. You can collect a urine sample in any clean container that you can bring with you to your doctor or healthcare provider’s office.
To collect a urine sample:
- Make sure that the person who is providing the specimen has been drinking plenty of fluids for at least two hours before they begin collecting their urine. This will ensure that there is enough urine available for testing.
- Find a quiet place where it will be easy to remain still and avoid distractions during collection. If you live alone or are at home, take advantage of privacy while collecting the sample. If other people will be around when you collect it, choose a space that allows minimal distractions like noise or light (like using headphones).
Collect the sample in a clean plastic container. If you don't have a container, you can use an empty cup or jar. Attach a lid to it.
- Collect the sample in a clean plastic container. If you don't have a container, you can use an empty cup or jar. Attach a lid to it.
- Don't use plastic bags for collecting samples because they aren't clean and might hold bacteria that could contaminate your sample, which can result in inaccurate test results!
Collect your urine in the morning, because it's most concentrated at that time.
Your doctor may ask you to collect urine at any time of day. Follow your doctor's instructions for collecting a sample, but if possible, try to collect the urine first thing in the morning. Urine collected during the early part of the day is likely to be more concentrated than urine collected later in the day. This means there will be less urine volume that needs to be produced each time your bladder fills up and, therefore, less discomfort with urinating when collecting a sample.
Don't collect the first stream of urine when you urinate into the toilet; stop and then start again to be sure that the sample is clean.
There are a few things you should be sure to do when collecting and storing your urine sample, which will help ensure that the results are accurate.
- Don't collect the first stream of urine when you urinate into the toilet; stop and then start again to be sure that the sample is clean.
- Use a clean container for your specimen, such as a plastic cup with screw-on lid or a sealed plastic bag. Don't use an open container or one with any kind of lid (for example, don't use an open glass jar). It's important to keep it from getting contaminated before you send it off for testing because bacteria in urine can give false positive results on drug tests if they aren't detected or removed before testing occurs.
Urinate into a clean container or toilet, and then take the sample to your doctor or lab as soon as possible.
- Take the sample to your doctor or lab as soon as possible. Urine samples must be stored in a cool place or in a refrigerator to prevent bacteria from growing in them.
- Don't leave urine samples for too long, as they can grow bacteria and possibly get contaminated over time.
- It's important not to leave urine samples out in hot cars or on sunny days, since this will affect the accuracy of test results and may cause contamination by bacteria that are found naturally on skin but shouldn't be part of any medical test results.
Collecting and storing urine samples is not difficult, but if you are concerned about how to do it, talk to your doctor.
Collecting and storing urine samples is not difficult. Just make sure you have the right supplies, including a clean plastic container to hold the sample, and a sterile cotton swab or a cotton ball to wipe away any discharge from the urethra before collecting the urine.
If you are concerned about how to do it, talk to your doctor. They can help guide you through the process and make sure that everything goes as planned.
You should also label each sample with your name and date of collection so that they can be easily identified by technicians in case of an accident during shipping or storage.
Always remember to wash your hands before collecting a sample, and take the time to do it properly. The results can be very helpful in helping to diagnose a problem with your bladder.