I have a stomachache. I feel like there's some pus in there, but the doctor says it's just normal. Is the doctor right?
Pus is a liquid that's produced by your body to fight off an infection. Pus consists of white blood cells, dead cells and debris. It can be seen on the skin or in a wound.
White blood cells—also known as leukocytes—are produced by the bone marrow and are part of your immune system. The function of white blood cells is to fight against foreign invaders in the body, such as bacteria, viruses, fungi and other parasites.
White blood cells can be divided into two categories: granulocytes (neutrophils, eosinophils and basophils) and agranulocytes (lymphocytes).
In general, if pus is visible in a wound or if more than two squirts of pus are expressed from a pimple, you should see a doctor for evaluation.
Pus is an indication that something is wrong with your body. It can be caused by many things including infections (bacterial or fungal), immune system responses and tissue damage.
A biopsy is a sample of tissue that is removed from the body for diagnosis. A percutaneous biopsy (also known as a needle biopsy) uses needles to remove small pieces of tissue from the surface or deep inside your body.
The most common type of percutaneous biopsy is performed with a needle and syringe. In this procedure, your doctor inserts a needle into your skin and injects local anesthetic around the area where they plan to remove cells. Then they use ultrasound imaging (an internal guide) or X-rays to help them find their target—usually an abnormal growth called a tumor—and take out tiny samples with either some sort of device attached to their needle or just using their hands/fingers (finger-biopsies). The purpose here isn't so much about finding out what kind of cell it is but rather getting enough info so we can figure out if it looks anything like cancer cells do under microscope slides."
The procedure for this type of biopsy is similar to what we just discussed. A finely pointed needle that has been designed for tumor biopsies is used to remove the tissue sample. The doctor or nurse inserts it into the skin and removes a small piece of tissue from the affected area. This is done under local anesthesia, which means you won’t feel anything during or after the procedure.
The procedure typically takes around 10 minutes, though it may be longer if your doctor needs to make multiple attempts at getting enough cells because they might be very small (if so, he/she will explain why). Your doctor will then place these cells in an envelope with some preservative fluid so they don’t dry out before being sent off for testing.
Biopsies of tumors that have pus pocket necrosis or extensive hemorrhage may not be suitable for testing. This is because these conditions can make it difficult to test the tissue sample, and you might have to be tested again after waiting several weeks (or even months) while your biopsy heals.
The pathologist then performs a rapid microscopic analysis of the sample to check for evidence of cancer or other disease.
This can be a difficult process. As you may know, it can take years to train a pathologist in how to read microscope slides, and even then there are many different types of cells that look similar under the microscope. It can be easy for an inexperienced person or one with less-than-perfect eyesight to mistake a white blood cell for pus cell, or vice versa!
The pathologist is looking for abnormal cells that could indicate cancer (or some other disease), as well as signs of infection such as pus cells themselves; inflammation around infected areas; mucus from glands like tonsils; bacteria present in mucus (which would indicate infection); etcetera...
One would take swabs from the three areas and test them in the lab culture.
If pus cells are 12-14 HPF, you may have an infection. If it is less than 10 HPF, you could have an inflammation or caused by different things such as dryness or friction of your underwear.
When you get a cut, your body produces white blood cells to fight off any infections. These white blood cells are produced by the immune system and they travel throughout your body looking for infections. When they find an infection (like a boil or pimple), they fight it and usually die in the process.
Pus is made up of dead white blood cells and other materials that have been released from infected tissues after being destroyed by antibiotics or other medicines that race against time to kill off these types of infections before they spread to other parts of the body.
In summary, pus is an accumulation of white blood cells, dead cells, and debris that may occur when your body is fighting off a bacterial or fungal infection. If this pus is visible in a wound or if more than two squirts of pus are expressed from a pimple, then it would be wise to see a doctor for evaluation.