+ means 1-2 pus cells are seen per high power field. +++ means more than 5 pus cells are seen per high power field. - means no pus cells are seen on the slide.
++ means 2-4 pus cells are seen per high power field.
A high power field (HPF) is the area that you can see in one eyepiece of a microscope. To put it another way, it's the size of your view when looking through the microscope and has nothing to do with magnification. In fact, all microscopes have a set number of HPFs that depend on the brand and model: for example, a standard compound light microscope has 1x10^3 HPFs.
Pus cells are white blood cells filled with bacteria and other things from your infection; they're also called polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs). The more pus cells there are present in your sample—and thus on your slide—the higher ++ rating you'll get from microbiology technicians who examine them under a microscope.
A + result means that the patient has 1-2 pus cells per high power field. This is a positive result for bacteria and requires treatment, usually with antibiotics. The patient should also be advised to drink plenty of water and take their prescribed medication as directed.
Pus cells are white blood cells that fight off bacteria and other pathogens in the body. If there are too many pus cells present, this can be an indication of inflammation in your urinary tract, usually caused by either an infection or a kidney stone blocking one of your tubes (ureter). It may also be an indicator of pyelonephritis—a serious condition where bacteria moves from your bladder up into the kidneys. The presence of pus cells in your urine means that you should see a doctor promptly so they can determine what kind of infection is causing them to appear.
If your test results show that the bacteria in your urine is of a certain type (such as E. coli), then it's important to know how to identify that specific species and what kind of symptoms might indicate its presence. The plus sign after the number indicates that there are pus cells in the sample, which could indicate infection from some bacterial species, but not necessarily all.
In general, if you have ++ on your report card, this means that the urine sample is infected with bacteria. There are many types of bacteria present in human waste and some can be dangerous if they contaminate food or water supplies or cause skin injuries.
In a urinalysis, pus cells are white blood cells (WBCs). But not all WBCs are pus cells.
Pus is the body's response to an infection and tissue damage. When there's an infection, your immune system sends white blood cells to fight off the bad microorganisms causing it. White blood cells include neutrophils, eosinophils, monocytes and lymphocytes. They're called granulocytes because they have granules in them; these granules contain enzymes that help destroy foreign substances or microorganisms like bacteria and viruses.
Granulocytes aren't just immune warriors; they also keep your body healthy by helping it respond appropriately when exposed to everyday stimuli like dust or pollen — things that we don't usually think of as dangerous but can cause allergic reactions in some people if they're exposed too much over time (see here).
So what does all this mean for urine? In short: WBCs will often appear in urine samples taken during a routine urinalysis because they're constantly being produced by our bodies as part of its defense mechanism against any foreign agents present within us at any given moment...
The pus cells that we're discussing here are white blood cells. White blood cells fight infection and can be seen in greater numbers in urinary tract infections (UTIs). A normal result is less than 10 pus cells per high power field (hpf), which is the microscope slide you use to examine your urine sample.
A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection of the urinary tract, which includes the kidneys, ureters and bladder. Common symptoms include pain or burning sensation when urinating, frequent and painful urination, cloudy urine and fever.
The most common way to contract a UTI is through sexual intercourse with someone who has an active infection or by using contaminated objects such as sex toys or other shared items that come into contact with bodily fluids like urine. Indwelling catheters can also cause bacteria to enter your system if they aren't properly cared for; this can lead to a UTI as well.
Pus cells can also be present after an infection has cleared up.
These white blood cells are found in pus and are a sign of inflammatory reactions in tissue.
The term pus cells, or polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN), is used to describe white blood cells. There are many different types of white blood cells, each with a specific role in the body's immune system. They are typically found where there is an infection or inflammation and can be seen in greater numbers after an infection has subsided.
Pus cells can also be found in semen and vaginal fluid after intercourse when sexually transmitted infections (STI) such as chlamydia, gonorrhea and trichomoniasis are present.
Pus cells are white blood cells (WBCs) that indicate an inflammatory response. The normal result is less than 10 pus cells per high power field (hpf) in an unspun sample. A finding of ++ pus cells does not necessarily mean an infection is active, but it does indicate that there was an inflammatory response at some point.
If you have a fever or any other symptoms such as pain or swelling near the site of your testing, it may be wise to seek medical attention for evaluation and treatment.
If you see ++ or +++ on your microscopy slide, it means that there is an infection in the urine sample. It could be as simple as bacteria or a more serious condition like a kidney infection. The only way to know for sure is by getting tested by your doctor as soon as possible.